Red, swollen or bleeding gums are a red flag for one thing: gum disease. If you have the symptoms, you’re not alone. More than 80% of adults have some form of gum disease. Fortunately, there are many effective and pain-free gum disease treatments. A periodontal exam is performed to determine the severity of the gum disease: measurements are taken around each tooth. For gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease, treatment typically involves a debridement (deep cleaning) followed by thorough dental cleaning. Advanced gum disease, also known as periodontitis, requires scaling and root planing to remove stubborn deposits below the gum line. If non-surgical methods of gum disease treatment are ineffective, some form of periodontal surgery may be necessary.