No matter how often you brush and floss, plaque and tartar deposits can still build up on your teeth. A professional teeth cleaning is the single most effective way to remove these deposits and prevent them from causing more serious problems in the future. A teeth cleaning involves removing these deposits with special dental tools and use of an ultrasonic scaler.
Ultrasonic cleaning is a popular addition to manual teeth cleanings. An ultrasonic scaler (rather than a manual instrument) is used to remove deposits and eliminate bacteria around the teeth and gums through high-frequency sound waves.
A deep cleaning may be recommended if excessive plaque and tartar deposits have developed below the gum line or if periodontal disease is present. Deep cleanings, also known as a debribement or a scaling and root planing, involves a two-part process: first, the stubborn deposits are removed, and then the root surfaces are smoothened. This can sometimes involve several visits. A deep cleaning helps prevent periodontal disease and restores gum tissues to a healthy state. A deep cleaning is a periodontal treatment and a final cleaning and polishing is performed after the tissue is healthy.